1988-2008 State Uncounted Votes and Unadjusted Exit Poll Analysis

 

TruthIsAll

 

Feb. 24, 2010

 

Here it is -all in one place. But it's more than a just a historical voting statistical reference. It's a confirmation of pervasive vote miscounts.

 

Historical votes cast is a Census statistical measure that is a key to unlocking fraudulent counts. Only the official recorded vote is displayed on web sites or in statistical publications. The Net Uncounted Vote is the difference between votes cast and the recorded vote.

 

Net Uncounted Vote = Votes Cast Votes Recorded

 

The number of votes cast usually exceed votes recorded (i.e. there are more uncounted votes than stuffed ballots). But in some states (see FL 2004 and OH 2004) the number of votes recorded exceeded the number cast; there were more stuffed votes than uncounted ballots. The Census does not break out uncounted votes and stuffed ballots. But given the Net Uncounted Vote and either the number of uncounted (or stuffed) ballots, we can calculate an approximate number of stuffed (or uncounted) ballots.

 

The allocation of Net Uncounted Votes added 1.6% to the average recorded Democratic share. Of 306 state elections between 1988 and 2008, 271 had net uncounted votes (more votes cast than recorded). Only 35 had net stuffed (more votes recorded than cast). Of the 35, 13 were in 2004.

 

The simple formula is: Net Uncounted Vote = Uncounted votes Stuffed ballots

 

But the formula is a simplification. It assumes either uncounted or stuffed ballots, but not both. If there are uncounted and stuffed ballots, then there must be more uncounted (and stuffed) ballots than indicated by the Net Uncounted (Stuffed) figure.

 

For example, assume the Net Uncounted Vote is 200,000. It could be the net of 300,000 uncounted and 100,000 stuffed ballots, or 400,000 and 200,000, etc. In any case, the Democrat does better than if only the 200,000 net uncounted votes are allocated; there are more uncounted votes and stuffed ballots. Therefore, the Democratic True vote must be higher than the adjusted vote based on votes cast.

 

The margin of error for total national votes cast is 0.3% (+/- 300,000 votes in an election of 100 million). The MoE for a state ranges from 1 to 2.5% based on the population.

 

In 1988, there were 10.6 million net uncounted votes. In 2004, as a result of the installation of HAVA electronic voting machines, the net uncounted vote fell to 3.45 million. Old-fashioned vote suppression and uncounted votes in the battleground states were insufficient to guarantee a Bush victory. But now Diebold / ES&S would be doing the counting.

 

The Democrats won the average recorded vote by 48.1-46.0%. Of course, they did better than that in the unadjusted aggregate state exit poll, 50.1-43.9%. It is interesting that when net uncounted votes are allocated and added back to the recorded vote, the Democrats won by a nearly identical 49.7-44.8%!

 

It is not commonly known that final exit polls found on media publications and websites are always forced to match the recorded vote. Exit poll category weights and/or vote shares are changed to force the match.

 

Uncounted votes are just one component of election fraud and accounted for approximately 1/3 of the discrepancy between the recorded and True Vote. Stuffed ballots and switched votes on electronic voting machines accounted for the rest. Note the trend in the deviation between the Democratic adjusted and recorded vote share:

1988: 3.1%, 1992: 2.7%, 1996: 2.3%, 2000: 1.3%, 2004: 0.8%, 2008: -0.1%

 

Unadjusted 2008 state exit polls have not been released. They are estimated using the 2004 exit poll/recorded vote ratio:

Dem Exit = (2004 Dem Exit/Recorded)* 2008 Dem Recorded- Other Recorded.

Rep Exit =100% - 2008 Dem Exit - Other Recorded

 

1988-2008 Dem Rep Notes

Recorded 48.1 46.0 Official vote share.

Votes Cast 49.7 44.8 Allocate 75% of net uncounted vote to Dem, 25% to Rep.

Exit Poll 50.1 43.9 Estimated for 2008. Unadjusted exit polls are unavailable.

True Vote 53.0 41.3 Based on plausible returning/new voter turnout and NEP shares.

 

There were just eight elections between 1988 and 2004 in which there were at least 50,000 net stuffed votes.

 

In 2004, FL (238k), OH (143k) and VA (64k) had more votes recorded than cast. Kerry won the unadjusted exit polls and lost the recorded vote in each of them. In Ohio, uncounted votes alone cost Kerry the election. A combination of 350k uncounted votes and nearly 500k stuffed/switched ballots turned an 8.5% win into a 2.1% recorded loss. In FL, a combination of uncounted and switched/stuffed ballots also cost him the election. He may have won VA.

 

States with more than 50,000 net stuffed votes

(in thousands)

 

Votes Votes Net Adjusted Unadj. Exit Poll

State Elect Cast Recorded Stuffed Dem Rep /cast Dem Rep WPD Dem Rep

 

CO 2000 1633 1741 (108) 42.4% 50.8% -6.6% 45.2% 47.5% (5.6) 45.2% 48.0%

CT 2004 1524 1579 (55) 54.3% 43.9% -3.6% 56.3% 41.9% (16.0) 62.3% 35.9%

CT 2000 1332 1460 (128) 55.9% 38.4% -9.6% 61.3% 32.6% (0.9) 56.4% 38.0%

FL 2004 7372 7610 (238) 47.1% 52.1% -3.2% 48.6% 50.6% (7.8) 51.0% 48.2%

 

MN 2000 2376 2439 (63) 47.9% 45.5% -2.6% 49.2% 44.1% 0.5 47.7% 45.8%

OH 2004 5485 5628 (143) 48.7% 50.8% -2.6% 50.0% 49.5% (10.6) 54.0% 45.5%

TN 2004 2319 2437 (118) 42.5% 56.8% -5.1% 44.7% 54.6% (1.3) 43.2% 56.1%

VA 2004 3134 3198 (64) 45.5% 53.7% -2.1% 46.4% 52.7% (8.7) 49.8% 49.3%

 

The True Vote is calculated based on votes cast in the prior election (adjusted for mortality and returning voter turnout) as well as the current. Final NEP vote shares were applied except for 2004 in which the preliminary 12:22am shares were used. The average Democratic True Vote from 1988 to 2008 was 53.0%. If randomly selected exit poll precincts were based on prior election recorded votes, the exit polls had a pro-Republican bias.

Florida 2000

 

Bush won by 537 votes (48.8-48.8%). But there were approximately 185,000 uncounted votes, a combination of 65,000 undervotes, 110,000 overvotes and 10,000 butterfly ballots. Approximately 140,000 were Gore votes. According to the Census, there were 43,000 NET uncounted. Using the above formula, the approximate number of stuffed ballots can be calculated.

 

Since Net Uncounted = 43,000 = 185,000 - stuffed, there were approximately 142,000 stuffed ballots. Assuming they were stuffed for Bush, Gore won by approximately 236,000 votes (50.8-46.9%). The unadjusted exit poll had Gore winning by 49.1-47.9%. The WPD was a tiny 0.6%. The 1.3% margin of error is +/-78,000 for six million votes cast.

 

Florida 2000 Gore Bush Other

Recorded 2912k 2913k 138k

Uncounted 140 45 0

---- ---- ----

Adjusted 3052 2958 138

Stuffed 0 -142 0

---- ---- ----

True Vote 3052 2816 138

Vote share 50.8% 46.9% 2.3%

 

 

Florida 2004

 

Bush won the recorded vote by 52.1-47.1%, a 380,000 margin. According to the Census, there were 238,000 net stuffed ballots. Assuming 200,000 were uncounted, there were approximately 438,000 stuffed ballots. If they were stuffed for Bush, Kerry won by 157,000 votes, 50.6-48.6%, nearly matching the exit poll (51.0-48.2%). The WPD was a huge 7.8%. The 1.3% margin of error is +/-90,000 for 7 million votes cast.

 

Florida 2004 Kerry Bush Other

Recorded 3584 3965k 62k

Uncounted 150 50 0

---- ---- ----

Adjusted 3734 4015 62

Stuffed 0 -438 0

---- ---- ----

True Vote 3734 3577 62

Vote share 50.6% 48.6% 0.8%

 

 

Ohio 2004

 

Bush won by 119,000 votes. But there were 143,000 net stuffed ballots. According to RFK in his Rolling Stone article, there were 350,000 uncounted votes. Therefore, using the above formula, 493,000 were stuffed. Applying the uncounted and stuffed ballots to the recorded vote, Kerry won by 54.7-44.8%, a 544,000 vote margin. This is again very close to the unadjusted exit poll (10.6% WPD) that Kerry won by 54.0-45.5%. The 1.5% margin of error is +/- 80,000 for 5.5 million votes cast.

 

Ohio 2004 Kerry Bush Other

Recorded 2741k 2860k 27k

Uncounted 260 90 0

---- ---- ----

Adjusted 3001 2950 27

Stuffed 0 -493 0

---- ---- ----

True Vote 3001 2457 27

Vote share 54.7% 44.8% 0.5%

 

New York 2004

 

Kerry won by 58.4-40.1%, a 1.35 million vote margin out of 7.39 million recorded. Election Day votes were cast on lever machines and approximately 500,000 were late paper ballot votes. There were 307,000 net uncounted votes, so 7.70 million were cast. There were at least 307,000 more uncounted votes (spoiled, provisional, absentee ballots) than stuffed/ switched ballots. According to the exit poll, Kerry won by 2.4 million, 64.5-33.1% (12.2 WPD). Assuming there were 500,000 uncounted ballots and 400,000 were for Kerry, then 193,000 (500k-307k) ballots were stuffed for Bush. Approximately 242,000 Kerry votes were switched to Bush.. The precinct vote tabulation was done on central computers which are vulnerable to fraudulent data entry and/or malicious programming to switch and/or stuff votes.

 

New York 2004 Kerry Bush Other

Recorded 4314k 2963k 114k

Uncounted 400 100 6

---- ---- ----

Adjusted 4714 3063 120

Stuffed 0 -193 0

Switch 242 -242 0

---- ---- ----

True Vote 4956k 2628k 120k

Vote share 64.5% 33.1% 1.4%

 

Note: 2008 unadjusted state exit poll WPD has not been released.

WPD is estimated using the 2004 exit poll/recorded vote ratio:

Dem =(2004 Dem Exit/Recorded)* 2008 Dem Recorded- Other Recorded.

Rep =100% - 2008 Dem Exit - Other Recorded

Net Recorded 75/25% Adj Unctd Unadj Exit Poll True Vote

Cast Record Unctd Dem Rep Unctd Dem Rep WPD Dem Rep Dem Rep

 

2008 132.3 131.4 0.9 52.9% 45.6% 0.7% 53.0% 45.5% (5.1) 55.4% 43.1% 57.9% 40.7%

2004 125.7 122.3 3.4 48.2% 50.7% 2.7% 49.0% 50.0% (7.4) 51.9% 47.0% 53.5% 45.2%

2000 110.8 105.4 5.4 48.4% 47.9% 4.9% 49.7% 46.8% (2.0) 49.4% 46.9% 50.4% 46.2%

1996 105.4 96.3 9.1 49.2% 40.7% 8.7% 51.5% 39.4% (1.9) 50.2% 39.8% 53.8% 36.8%

1992 113.9 104.4 9.4 43.0% 37.4% 8.3% 45.7% 36.4% (5.4) 45.7% 34.7% 51.3% 30.3%

1988 102.3 91.6 10.6 45.6% 53.3% 10.4% 48.7% 50.4% (2.4) 46.8% 52.2% 50.2% 48.7%

 

1988-2008

Total 690.4 651.4 38.9 48.1% 46.0% 5.6% 49.7% 44.8% (4.1) 50.1% 43.9% 53.0% 41.3%

1988-2004

Total 558.1 520.1 38.0 46.9% 46.1% 6.8% 48.9% 44.7% (3.9) 48.9% 44.1% 51.9% 41.4%

 

Net Recorded 75/25% Adj Unctd Unadj Exit Poll

Cast Record Unctd Dem Rep Unctd Dem Rep WPD Dem Rep

 

AL 2008 2106 2100 6 38.7% 60.3% 0.3% 38.8% 60.2% (4.1) 40.8% 58.3%

AL 2004 2060 1883 177 36.8% 62.5% 8.6% 40.1% 59.2% (10.0) 41.8% 57.5%

AL 2000 1953 1673 280 41.6% 56.5% 14.4% 46.4% 51.9% (5.5) 44.3% 53.7%

AL 1996 1744 1534 210 43.2% 50.1% 12.0% 47.0% 47.1% (2.4) 44.4% 48.9%

AL 1992 1913 1688 225 40.9% 47.6% 11.8% 44.9% 45.0% (1.2) 41.5% 47.0%

AL 1988 1685 1378 307 39.9% 59.2% 18.2% 46.3% 52.9% na na na

AK 2008 327 326 1 37.9% 59.4% 0.3% 38.0% 59.3% (0.4) 38.1% 59.2%

AK 2004 293 313 (20) 35.5% 61.1% -6.7% 37.9% 58.5% (9.3) 40.2% 56.4%

AK 2000 270 286 (16) 27.7% 58.6% -5.8% 29.3% 56.2% na na na

AK 1996 286 242 44 33.3% 50.8% 15.4% 39.7% 46.8% na na na

AK 1992 238 259 (21) 30.3% 39.5% -8.6% 32.9% 34.2% na na na

AK 1988 188 200 (12) 36.3% 59.6% -6.6% 38.7% 56.9% (1.2) 36.9% 59.0%

AZ 2008 2321 2304 17 44.9% 53.4% 0.7% 45.1% 53.2% (3.5) 46.7% 51.6%

AZ 2004 2239 2013 226 44.4% 54.9% 10.1% 47.5% 51.8% (0.3) 44.5% 54.7%

AZ 2000 1644 1534 110 44.7% 51.0% 6.7% 46.7% 49.2% na na na

AZ 1996 1534 1404 130 46.5% 44.3% 8.5% 48.9% 42.7% (7.7) 50.4% 40.4%

AZ 1992 1728 1487 241 36.5% 38.5% 13.9% 41.9% 36.6% (6.6) 39.8% 35.2%

AZ 1988 1339 1172 167 38.7% 60.0% 12.5% 43.3% 55.6% na na na

AR 2008 1096 1087 9 38.9% 58.7% 0.9% 39.2% 58.4% (1.1) 39.4% 58.2%

AR 2004 1140 1055 85 44.5% 54.3% 7.5% 46.8% 52.1% (1.3) 45.2% 53.7%

AR 2000 936 922 14 45.9% 51.3% 1.5% 46.3% 50.9% (3.2) 47.5% 49.7%

AR 1996 922 884 38 53.7% 36.8% 4.1% 54.6% 36.3% 1.5 53.0% 37.6%

AR 1992 1012 951 61 53.2% 35.5% 6.1% 54.5% 34.8% (7.8) 57.1% 31.6%

AR 1988 972 828 144 42.2% 56.4% 14.8% 47.1% 51.7% 0.8 41.8% 56.8%

CA 2008 13743 13576 168 61.0% 36.9% 1.2% 61.1% 36.8% (5.1) 63.5% 34.4%

CA 2004 12807 12420 387 54.3% 44.4% 3.0% 54.9% 43.8% (11.6) 60.1% 38.6%

CA 2000 11489 10966 523 53.4% 41.7% 4.6% 54.4% 40.9% (3.8) 55.3% 39.8%

CA 1996 10966 10019 946 51.1% 38.2% 8.6% 53.2% 37.1% (4.7) 53.4% 35.9%

CA 1992 11789 11132 657 46.0% 32.6% 5.6% 47.6% 32.2% (8.5) 50.3% 28.4%

CA 1988 10440 9887 553 47.6% 51.1% 5.3% 49.0% 49.7% (3.8) 49.5% 49.2%

CO 2008 2401 2401 0 53.7% 44.7% 0.0% 53.7% 44.7% (5.0) 56.1% 42.2%

CO 2004 2097 2130 (33) 47.0% 51.7% -1.6% 47.8% 50.9% (6.1) 50.1% 48.6%

CO 2000 1633 1741 (108) 42.4% 50.8% -6.6% 45.2% 47.5% (5.6) 45.2% 48.0%

CO 1996 1741 1511 231 44.4% 45.8% 13.2% 48.5% 43.0% (1.5) 45.2% 45.0%

CO 1992 1688 1569 119 40.1% 35.9% 7.0% 42.6% 35.1% (7.2) 43.7% 32.3%

CO 1988 1533 1372 161 45.3% 53.1% 10.5% 48.4% 50.1% (3.0) 46.8% 51.6%

CT 2008 1647 1647 0 60.6% 38.2% 0.0% 60.6% 38.2% (6.9) 64.0% 34.8%

CT 2004 1524 1579 (55) 54.3% 43.9% -3.6% 56.3% 41.9% (16.0) 62.3% 35.9%

CT 2000 1332 1460 (128) 55.9% 38.4% -9.6% 61.3% 32.6% (0.9) 56.4% 38.0%

CT 1996 1460 1393 67 52.8% 34.7% 4.6% 53.8% 34.2% 4.2 50.7% 36.8%

CT 1992 1740 1616 124 42.2% 35.8% 7.1% 44.5% 35.0% (8.3) 46.4% 31.6%

CT 1988 1552 1443 109 46.9% 52.0% 7.0% 48.8% 50.1% (5.2) 49.5% 49.4%

DE 2008 414 412 1 61.9% 36.9% 0.3% 62.0% 36.9% (7.3) 65.6% 33.3%

DE 2004 385 375 10 53.3% 45.8% 2.5% 53.9% 45.2% (15.9) 61.3% 37.8%

DE 2000 352 328 24 55.0% 41.9% 6.9% 56.3% 40.7% (7.1) 58.5% 38.4%

DE 1996 328 271 57 51.8% 36.6% 17.3% 55.8% 34.6% (1.3) 52.5% 35.9%

DE 1992 343 290 53 43.5% 35.3% 15.6% 48.4% 33.7% (7.3) 47.2% 31.7%

DE 1988 285 250 35 43.5% 55.9% 12.2% 47.3% 52.1% (1.8) 44.4% 55.0%

DC 2008 267 266 1 92.5% 6.5% 0.4% 92.4% 6.6% 0.1 92.4% 6.6%

DC 2004 270 228 42 89.2% 9.3% 15.7% 87.0% 11.8% (2.8) 90.6% 7.9%

DC 2000 267 202 65 85.2% 9.0% 24.4% 82.7% 12.9% na na na

DC 1996 202 186 16 85.2% 9.3% 8.0% 84.4% 10.6% na na na

DC 1992 263 228 35 84.6% 9.1% 13.5% 83.3% 11.2% na na na

DC 1988 246 193 53 82.6% 14.3% 21.6% 81.0% 16.6% (2.8) 84.0 12.9

FL 2008 8454 8410 43 50.9% 48.1% 0.5% 51.0% 48.0% (5.8) 53.8% 45.2%

FL 2004 7372 7610 (238) 47.1% 52.1% -3.2% 48.6% 50.6% (7.8) 51.0% 48.2%

FL 2000 6006 5963 43 48.8% 48.8% 0.7% 49.0% 48.7% (0.6) 49.1% 48.5%

FL 1996 5963 5304 659 48.0% 42.3% 11.1% 51.0% 40.4% (0.6) 48.3% 42.0%

FL 1992 5772 5314 458 39.0% 40.9% 7.9% 41.9% 39.6% (5.5) 41.8% 38.1%

FL 1988 5158 4302 856 38.5% 60.9% 16.6% 44.6% 54.9% (2.4) 39.7% 59.7%

GA 2008 3924 3932 (8) 46.9% 52.1% -0.2% 47.0% 52.0% (5.2) 49.5% 49.5%

GA 2004 3332 3302 30 41.4% 58.0% 0.9% 41.7% 57.7% (1.3) 42.0% 57.3%

GA 2000 2827 2597 230 43.0% 54.7% 8.1% 45.6% 52.3% (5.6) 45.8% 51.9%

GA 1996 2597 2299 298 45.8% 47.0% 11.5% 49.2% 44.5% 3.3 44.2% 48.7%

GA 1992 2556 2321 235 43.5% 42.9% 9.2% 46.4% 41.2% (6.5) 46.7% 39.6%

GA 1988 2247 1810 437 39.5% 59.8% 19.5% 46.4% 53.0% 1.8 38.6% 60.7%

HI 2008 456 454 2 71.8% 26.6% 0.5% 71.9% 26.6% (7.9) 75.8% 22.6%

HI 2004 433 429 4 54.0% 45.3% 0.9% 54.2% 45.1% (8.2) 58.1% 41.2%

HI 2000 340 368 (28) 55.8% 37.5% -8.2% 60.4% 32.3% na na na

HI 1996 368 360 8 56.9% 31.6% 2.1% 57.3% 31.5% na na na

HI 1992 449 373 76 48.1% 36.7% 17.0% 52.7% 34.7% na na na

HI 1988 408 354 54 54.3% 44.8% 13.2% 57.0% 42.1% (0.6) 54.6% 44.5%

ID 2008 668 657 10 36.0% 61.3% 1.5% 36.6% 60.8% (0.0) 36.0% 61.3%

ID 2004 585 598 (13) 30.3% 68.4% -2.3% 31.0% 67.7% (4.0) 32.3% 66.4%

ID 2000 500 502 (2) 27.6% 67.2% -0.3% 27.7% 67.1% 2.5 26.4% 68.4%

ID 1996 502 492 10 33.6% 52.2% 2.0% 34.5% 51.6% (3.5) 35.4% 50.4%

ID 1992 486 482 4 28.4% 42.0% 0.8% 28.8% 41.9% (0.5) 28.7% 41.8%

ID 1988 435 409 26 36.0% 62.1% 6.0% 38.4% 59.8% na na na

IL 2008 5578 5523 55 61.9% 36.8% 1.0% 62.0% 36.7% (6.9) 65.4% 33.3%

IL 2004 5672 5274 398 54.8% 44.5% 7.0% 56.2% 43.1% (3.5) 56.6% 42.7%

IL 2000 5030 4742 288 54.6% 42.6% 5.7% 55.8% 41.6% (6.4) 57.8% 39.4%

IL 1996 4742 4311 431 54.3% 36.8% 9.1% 56.2% 35.7% 1.2 53.7% 37.4%

IL 1992 5650 5050 600 48.6% 34.3% 10.6% 51.4% 33.3% (6.1) 51.6% 31.3%

IL 1988 5073 4559 514 48.6% 50.7% 10.1% 51.3% 48.1% (2.6) 49.9% 49.4%

IN 2008 2806 2753 53 49.9% 48.9% 1.9% 50.4% 48.4% (5.2) 52.5% 46.3%

IN 2004 2598 2468 130 39.3% 59.9% 5.0% 41.1% 58.2% (2.2) 40.4% 58.8%

IN 2000 2564 2199 365 41.0% 56.6% 14.2% 45.8% 52.1% (3.6) 42.8% 54.8%

IN 1996 2199 2136 63 41.5% 47.1% 2.9% 42.5% 46.5% (2.0) 42.5% 46.1%

IN 1992 2636 2306 330 36.8% 42.9% 12.5% 41.6% 40.7% (6.8) 40.2% 39.5%

IN 1988 2449 2169 281 39.7% 59.8% 11.5% 43.7% 55.9% (9.2) 44.3% 55.2%

IA 2008 1544 1537 7 53.9% 44.4% 0.4% 54.0% 44.3% (4.9) 56.4% 41.9%

IA 2004 1522 1507 15 49.2% 49.9% 1.0% 49.5% 49.7% (3.0) 50.7% 48.4%

IA 2000 1353 1316 37 48.5% 48.2% 2.8% 49.3% 47.6% 3.0 47.0% 49.7%

IA 1996 1316 1234 81 50.3% 39.9% 6.2% 51.8% 39.0% 0.3 50.1% 40.1%

IA 1992 1486 1355 131 43.3% 37.3% 8.8% 46.1% 36.2% (2.0) 44.3% 36.3%

IA 1988 1318 1226 92 54.7% 44.5% 7.0% 56.1% 43.1% (0.6) 55.0% 44.2%

KS 2008 1236 1238 (3) 41.6% 56.5% -0.2% 41.7% 56.4% (2.5) 42.8% 55.2%

KS 2004 1188 1188 0 36.6% 62.0% 0.0% 36.6% 62.0% (1.1) 37.2% 61.5%

KS 2000 1148 1072 76 37.2% 58.0% 6.6% 39.7% 55.9% (4.4) 39.4% 55.8%

KS 1996 1072 1074 (2) 36.1% 54.3% -0.2% 36.2% 54.2% (3.2) 37.7% 52.7%

KS 1992 1306 1157 149 33.7% 38.9% 11.4% 38.4% 37.3% (3.4) 35.4% 37.2%

KS 1988 1074 993 81 42.6% 55.8% 7.5% 45.0% 53.5% (3.6) 44.4% 54.0%

KY 2008 1859 1828 31 41.1% 57.4% 1.7% 41.7% 56.8% (3.3) 42.8% 55.7%

KY 2004 1930 1796 134 39.7% 59.6% 7.0% 42.1% 57.1% (0.4) 39.9% 59.4%

KY 2000 1645 1544 101 41.4% 56.5% 6.1% 43.4% 54.6% 4.4 39.2% 58.7%

KY 1996 1544 1389 155 45.8% 44.9% 10.1% 48.8% 42.9% 1.0 45.3% 45.4%

KY 1992 1569 1493 76 44.6% 41.3% 4.9% 46.0% 40.5% (3.9) 46.5% 39.4%

KY 1988 1325 1323 3 43.9% 55.5% 0.2% 44.0% 55.5% (1.0) 44.4% 55.0%

LA 2008 1980 1961 19 39.9% 58.6% 1.0% 40.3% 58.2% (3.1) 41.5% 57.0%

LA 2004 2067 1943 124 42.2% 56.7% 6.0% 44.2% 54.8% (2.6) 43.5% 55.4%

LA 2000 2030 1766 264 44.9% 52.6% 13.0% 48.8% 49.0% (0.6) 45.2% 52.3%

LA 1996 1766 1784 (18) 52.0% 39.9% -1.0% 52.5% 39.3% 6.5 48.8% 43.2%

LA 1992 2040 1790 250 45.6% 41.0% 12.3% 49.2% 39.0% 1.0 45.1% 41.5%

LA 1988 1979 1628 351 44.1% 54.3% 17.7% 49.6% 49.1% (2.4) 45.3% 53.1%

ME 2008 744 731 13 57.7% 40.4% 1.8% 58.0% 40.1% (5.0) 60.2% 37.9%

ME 2004 736 741 (5) 53.6% 44.6% -0.6% 53.9% 44.2% (4.0) 55.6% 42.6%

ME 2000 677 652 25 49.1% 44.0% 3.7% 50.0% 43.3% (2.1) 50.1% 42.9%

ME 1996 652 606 46 51.6% 30.8% 7.0% 53.3% 30.4% (4.4) 53.8% 28.6%

ME 1992 695 679 16 38.8% 30.4% 2.2% 39.6% 30.3% (5.1) 41.3% 27.8%

ME 1988 590 555 35 43.9% 55.3% 5.9% 45.7% 53.6% (6.4) 47.1% 52.1%

MD 2008 2651 2632 20 61.9% 36.5% 0.7% 62.0% 36.4% (6.3) 65.1% 33.3%

MD 2004 2413 2387 26 55.9% 42.9% 1.1% 56.1% 42.7% (7.3) 59.6% 39.3%

MD 2000 2178 2025 153 56.6% 40.2% 7.0% 57.9% 39.1% (4.3) 58.7% 38.0%

MD 1996 2025 1781 245 54.3% 38.3% 12.1% 56.8% 36.7% (3.6) 56.1% 36.5%

MD 1992 2392 1985 407 49.8% 35.6% 17.0% 54.1% 33.8% (8.1) 53.9% 31.6%

MD 1988 1875 1714 161 48.2% 51.1% 8.6% 50.5% 48.9% (5.2) 50.8% 48.5%

MA 2008 3103 3081 22 61.8% 36.0% 0.7% 61.9% 35.9% (5.1) 64.3% 33.5%

MA 2004 3085 2912 173 61.9% 36.8% 5.6% 62.7% 36.1% (7.7) 65.8% 32.9%

MA 2000 2772 2703 69 59.8% 32.5% 2.5% 60.2% 32.3% (4.3) 62.0% 30.4%

MA 1996 2703 2557 146 61.5% 28.1% 5.4% 62.2% 27.9% (3.3) 63.1% 26.4%

MA 1992 2960 2774 186 47.5% 29.0% 6.3% 49.3% 28.8% (7.1) 51.1% 25.5%

MA 1988 2827 2633 194 53.2% 45.4% 6.9% 54.7% 44.0% (6.8) 56.6% 42.0%

MI 2008 5039 5007 32 57.4% 40.9% 0.6% 57.5% 40.8% (5.4) 60.1% 38.2%

MI 2004 4818 4839 (21) 51.2% 47.8% -0.4% 51.5% 47.6% (6.4) 54.4% 44.6%

MI 2000 4343 4233 110 51.3% 46.1% 2.5% 51.9% 45.6% (2.2) 52.4% 45.0%

MI 1996 4233 3849 384 51.7% 38.5% 9.1% 53.8% 37.3% (3.5) 53.4% 36.7%

MI 1992 4486 4275 211 43.8% 36.4% 4.7% 45.2% 35.8% (4.9) 46.2% 33.9%

MI 1988 4018 3669 349 45.7% 53.6% 8.7% 48.2% 51.1% (1.2) 46.3% 53.0%

MN 2008 2921 2910 11 54.1% 43.8% 0.4% 54.1% 43.8% (4.1) 56.1% 41.8%

MN 2004 2887 2828 59 51.1% 47.6% 2.0% 51.6% 47.2% (9.2) 55.7% 43.0%

MN 2000 2376 2439 (63) 47.9% 45.5% -2.6% 49.2% 44.1% 0.5 47.7% 45.8%

MN 1996 2439 2193 246 51.1% 35.0% 10.1% 53.5% 34.0% 1.7 50.2% 35.8%

MN 1992 2403 2348 55 43.5% 31.9% 2.3% 44.2% 31.7% (6.4) 46.7% 28.7%

MN 1988 2182 2097 86 52.9% 45.9% 3.9% 53.8% 45.1% 1.2 52.3% 46.5%

MS 2008 1290 1290 (0) 43.0% 56.2% 0.0% 43.0% 56.2% (4.9) 45.5% 53.7%

MS 2004 1263 1152 111 39.8% 59.4% 8.8% 42.8% 56.4% (18.5) 49.0% 50.2%

MS 2000 1213 995 218 40.7% 57.6% 18.0% 46.9% 51.8% (3.2) 42.3% 56.0%

MS 1996 995 894 101 44.1% 49.2% 10.2% 47.2% 46.7% (0.3) 44.2% 49.1%

MS 1992 1226 982 244 40.8% 49.7% 19.9% 47.6% 44.8% (5.1) 43.3% 47.1%

MS 1988 1132 932 200 39.1% 59.9% 17.7% 45.4% 53.7% 0.2 39.0% 60.0%

MO 2008 2925 2928 (2) 49.3% 49.4% -0.1% 49.3% 49.3% (4.8) 51.7% 47.0%

MO 2004 2815 2731 84 46.1% 53.3% 3.0% 47.0% 52.5% (5.8) 49.0% 50.4%

MO 2000 2659 2360 299 47.1% 50.4% 11.2% 50.2% 47.6% 1.8 46.2% 51.3%

MO 1996 2360 2158 202 47.5% 41.2% 8.6% 49.9% 39.9% (5.8) 50.4% 38.3%

MO 1992 2518 2391 127 44.1% 33.9% 5.0% 45.6% 33.5% (8.6) 48.4% 29.6%

MO 1988 2422 2093 329 47.9% 51.8% 13.6% 51.5% 48.2% (0.6) 48.2% 51.5%

MT 2008 498 491 7 47.2% 49.4% 1.3% 47.5% 49.1% (0.4) 47.4% 49.2%

MT 2004 482 450 32 38.6% 59.1% 6.5% 40.9% 56.8% 2.6 37.3% 60.4%

MT 2000 409 411 (2) 33.4% 58.4% -0.5% 33.5% 58.2% 3.2 31.8% 60.0%

MT 1996 411 407 4 41.2% 44.1% 0.9% 41.5% 43.9% (2.4) 42.4% 42.9%

MT 1992 407 411 (4) 37.6% 35.1% -0.9% 38.0% 34.6% 0.7 37.3% 35.5%

MT 1988 390 366 25 46.2% 52.1% 6.3% 48.0% 50.4% (4.4) 48.4% 49.9%

NE 2008 812 801 11 41.6% 56.5% 1.3% 42.0% 56.1% (2.6) 42.9% 55.2%

NE 2004 793 778 15 32.7% 65.9% 1.9% 33.5% 65.1% (8.7) 37.0% 61.5%

NE 2000 710 697 13 33.3% 62.2% 1.8% 34.0% 61.6% (4.1) 35.3% 60.2%

NE 1996 697 677 20 35.0% 53.7% 2.8% 36.1% 52.8% (6.5) 38.2% 50.4%

NE 1992 771 739 32 29.4% 46.6% 4.1% 31.3% 45.7% (2.8) 30.8% 45.2%

NE 1988 725 662 63 39.2% 60.2% 8.7% 42.3% 57.1% (5.0) 41.7% 57.7%

NV 2008 970 968 2 55.1% 42.7% 0.2% 55.2% 42.6% (4.1) 57.2% 40.6%

NV 2004 871 830 41 47.9% 50.5% 4.8% 49.2% 49.3% (9.9) 52.8% 45.5%

NV 2000 641 609 32 46.0% 49.5% 5.0% 47.4% 48.3% (6.0) 49.0% 46.5%

NV 1996 609 464 145 43.9% 42.9% 23.8% 51.3% 38.7% na na na

NV 1992 556 506 50 37.4% 34.7% 8.9% 40.7% 33.9% 2.1 36.3% 35.8%

NV 1988 371 350 21 37.9% 58.9% 5.6% 40.0% 56.9% (3.0) 39.4% 57.4%

NH 2008 720 711 9 54.1% 44.5% 1.2% 54.4% 44.3% (5.6) 56.9% 41.7%

NH 2004 677 678 (1) 50.2% 48.9% -0.1% 50.3% 48.8% (14.0) 57.2% 41.9%

NH 2000 571 569 2 46.8% 48.1% 0.3% 46.9% 48.0% (2.4) 48.0% 46.9%

NH 1996 569 499 70 49.3% 39.4% 12.3% 52.5% 37.6% (12.2) 55.4% 33.3%

NH 1992 551 537 14 38.9% 37.7% 2.5% 39.8% 37.4% (10.1) 44.0% 32.6%

NH 1988 474 451 24 36.3% 62.5% 5.0% 38.3% 60.6% (6.0) 39.3% 59.5%

NJ 2008 3910 3876 34 57.2% 41.6% 0.9% 57.3% 41.5% (6.3) 60.3% 38.5%

NJ 2004 3693 3612 81 52.9% 46.2% 2.2% 53.4% 45.8% (9.1) 57.5% 41.7%

NJ 2000 3374 3187 187 56.1% 40.3% 5.5% 57.2% 39.4% (0.4) 56.3% 40.1%

NJ 1996 3187 3076 111 53.7% 35.9% 3.5% 54.5% 35.5% (1.9) 54.7% 34.9%

NJ 1992 3572 3344 228 43.0% 40.6% 6.4% 45.0% 39.6% (11.2) 48.6% 35.0%

NJ 1988 3453 3100 353 42.6% 56.2% 10.2% 45.9% 53.0% (4.2) 44.7% 54.1%

NM 2008 833 830 3 56.9% 41.8% 0.4% 57.0% 41.7% (6.1) 60.0% 38.7%

NM 2004 837 756 81 49.0% 49.8% 9.6% 51.5% 47.4% (8.0) 53.0% 45.8%

NM 2000 647 599 48 47.9% 47.8% 7.5% 49.9% 46.1% 5.1 45.4% 50.4%

NM 1996 599 556 43 49.2% 41.9% 7.1% 51.0% 40.7% (7.0) 52.7% 38.4%

NM 1992 675 570 105 45.9% 37.3% 15.6% 50.4% 35.4% (6.3) 49.0% 34.2%

NM 1988 567 521 46 46.9% 51.9% 8.1% 49.2% 49.7% (6.6) 50.2% 48.6%

NY 2008 7722 7595 127 62.8% 36.1% 1.6% 63.0% 35.9% (7.4) 66.5% 32.4%

NY 2004 7698 7391 307 58.4% 40.1% 4.0% 59.0% 39.5% (12.2) 64.5% 34.0%

NY 2000 7004 6823 181 60.2% 35.2% 2.6% 60.6% 35.0% (3.3) 61.9% 33.6%

NY 1996 6823 6316 507 59.5% 30.6% 7.4% 60.6% 30.2% 2.1 58.4% 31.7%

NY 1992 7613 6927 686 49.7% 33.9% 9.0% 52.0% 33.1% (4.6) 52.0% 31.6%

NY 1988 7174 6486 688 51.6% 47.5% 9.6% 53.9% 45.4% (7.2) 55.2% 43.9%

NC 2008 4355 4311 44 49.7% 49.4% 1.0% 50.0% 49.1% (5.8) 52.6% 46.5%

NC 2004 3639 3501 138 43.6% 56.0% 3.8% 44.8% 54.8% (11.9) 49.5% 50.1%

NC 2000 2995 2911 84 43.2% 56.0% 2.8% 44.1% 55.2% (9.8) 48.1% 51.1%

NC 1996 2911 2516 395 44.0% 48.7% 13.6% 48.2% 45.5% (6.5) 47.3% 45.5%

NC 1992 2986 2612 374 42.7% 43.4% 12.5% 46.7% 41.1% (4.2) 44.8% 41.3%

NC 1988 2513 2134 379 41.7% 58.0% 15.1% 46.7% 53.0% (0.4) 41.9% 57.8%

ND 2008 321 318 3 44.5% 53.1% 1.1% 44.8% 52.8% (1.9) 45.4% 52.1%

ND 2004 330 313 17 35.5% 62.9% 5.2% 37.6% 60.9% 1.7 34.6% 63.7%

ND 2000 313 288 25 33.1% 60.7% 7.9% 36.4% 57.8% 2.0 32.1% 61.7%

ND 1996 288 266 22 40.1% 46.9% 7.6% 42.8% 45.3% (2.0) 41.1% 45.9%

ND 1992 316 308 8 32.2% 44.2% 2.5% 33.2% 43.7% (4.2) 34.3% 42.1%

ND 1988 335 297 37 43.0% 56.0% 11.1% 46.5% 52.6% (1.6) 43.8% 55.2%

OH 2008 5773 5710 64 51.4% 46.8% 1.1% 51.6% 46.6% (4.3) 53.5% 44.7%

OH 2004 5485 5628 (143) 48.7% 50.8% -2.6% 50.0% 49.5% (10.6) 54.0% 45.5%

OH 2000 4823 4705 118 46.5% 50.0% 2.4% 47.2% 49.4% (1.0) 47.0% 49.5%

OH 1996 4705 4534 171 47.4% 41.0% 3.6% 48.4% 40.4% (3.1) 48.9% 39.5%

OH 1992 5187 4940 247 40.2% 38.3% 4.8% 41.8% 37.7% (4.4) 42.4% 36.1%

OH 1988 4926 4394 532 44.1% 55.0% 10.8% 47.5% 51.8% (1.6) 44.9% 54.2%

OK 2008 1463 1463 0 34.4% 65.6% 0.0% 34.4% 65.6% (5.3) 37.0% 63.0%

OK 2004 1541 1464 77 34.4% 65.6% 5.0% 36.5% 63.5% 1.2 33.8% 66.2%

OK 2000 1431 1234 197 38.4% 60.3% 13.8% 43.5% 55.5% 4.7 36.1% 62.7%

OK 1996 1234 1207 28 40.4% 48.3% 2.2% 41.2% 47.7% 2.0 39.4% 49.3%

OK 1992 1549 1390 159 34.0% 42.6% 10.2% 38.2% 40.8% (4.7) 36.4% 40.3%

OK 1988 1282 1171 111 41.3% 57.9% 8.6% 44.2% 55.1% 5.6 38.5% 60.7%

OR 2008 1845 1828 17 56.7% 40.4% 0.9% 56.9% 40.3% (3.0) 58.2% 38.9%

OR 2004 1924 1837 87 51.3% 47.2% 4.5% 52.4% 46.2% (1.8) 52.2% 46.3%

OR 2000 1529 1534 (5) 47.0% 46.5% -0.3% 47.1% 46.3% na na na

OR 1996 1534 1378 156 47.2% 39.1% 10.2% 50.0% 37.6% (2.4) 48.4% 37.9%

OR 1992 1525 1463 62 42.5% 32.5% 4.1% 43.8% 32.2% (13.6) 49.3% 25.7%

OR 1988 1293 1202 92 51.3% 46.6% 7.1% 53.0% 45.1% (7.4) 55.0% 42.9%

PA 2008 6013 6013 (1) 54.5% 44.2% 0.0% 54.5% 44.2% (5.7) 57.3% 41.3%

PA 2004 5845 5770 75 50.9% 48.4% 1.3% 51.2% 48.1% (8.4) 55.1% 44.2%

PA 2000 4988 4913 75 50.6% 46.4% 1.5% 51.0% 46.1% (0.8) 51.0% 46.0%

PA 1996 4913 4506 407 49.2% 40.0% 8.3% 51.3% 38.7% (3.6) 51.0% 38.2%

PA 1992 5491 4960 531 45.1% 36.1% 9.7% 48.0% 35.1% (2.0) 46.1% 35.1%

PA 1988 4955 4536 419 48.4% 50.7% 8.5% 50.6% 48.5% (0.8) 48.8% 50.3%

RI 2008 470 470 0 63.1% 35.2% 0.0% 63.1% 35.2% (6.4) 66.3% 32.0%

RI 2004 467 437 30 59.4% 38.7% 6.4% 60.4% 37.8% (5.3) 62.1% 36.0%

RI 2000 438 409 29 61.0% 31.9% 6.6% 61.9% 31.5% (0.4) 61.2% 31.7%

RI 1996 409 390 19 59.7% 26.8% 4.6% 60.4% 26.7% (1.1) 60.3% 26.3%

RI 1992 522 453 69 47.0% 29.0% 13.1% 50.7% 28.5% (9.0) 51.5% 24.5%

RI 1988 455 405 50 55.6% 43.9% 11.0% 57.8% 41.8% 0.2 55.5% 44.0%

SC 2008 1927 1921 6 44.9% 53.9% 0.3% 45.0% 53.8% (4.4) 47.1% 51.7%

SC 2004 1899 1618 281 40.9% 58.0% 14.8% 46.0% 53.1% (9.7) 45.8% 53.1%

SC 2000 1725 1384 341 40.9% 56.8% 19.8% 47.6% 50.5% (3.5) 42.7% 55.1%

SC 1996 1384 1149 234 43.9% 49.9% 16.9% 49.1% 45.7% (2.8) 45.3% 48.5%

SC 1992 1496 1203 293 39.9% 48.0% 19.6% 46.8% 43.5% (2.0) 40.9% 47.0%

SC 1988 1216 986 230 37.6% 61.5% 18.9% 44.7% 54.6% (1.4) 38.3% 60.8%

SD 2008 387 382 5 44.7% 53.2% 1.4% 45.2% 52.8% (2.7) 46.1% 51.8%

SD 2004 378 388 (10) 38.4% 59.9% -2.7% 39.5% 58.8% 5.1 35.9% 62.5%

SD 2000 311 316 (5) 37.6% 60.3% -1.7% 38.2% 59.6% (0.9) 38.0% 59.8%

SD 1996 316 324 (8) 43.0% 46.5% -2.4% 44.1% 45.2% (2.3) 44.2% 45.3%

SD 1992 351 336 15 37.1% 40.7% 4.2% 38.7% 40.0% 2.8 35.7% 42.1%

SD 1988 360 313 47 46.5% 52.8% 13.1% 50.2% 49.2% (1.0) 47.0% 52.3%

TN 2008 2618 2600 18 41.8% 56.9% 0.7% 42.1% 56.7% (3.9) 43.8% 55.0%

TN 2004 2319 2437 (118) 42.5% 56.8% -5.1% 44.7% 54.6% (1.3) 43.2% 56.1%

TN 2000 2183 2076 107 47.3% 51.1% 4.9% 48.6% 49.9% 2.2 46.2% 52.2%

TN 1996 2076 1894 182 48.0% 45.6% 8.8% 50.4% 43.8% (3.0) 49.5% 44.1%

TN 1992 2065 1983 82 47.1% 42.4% 4.0% 48.2% 41.7% (6.8) 50.5% 39.0%

TN 1988 1857 1636 221 41.5% 57.9% 11.9% 45.5% 54.0% 1.0 41.0% 58.4%

TX 2008 8078 8087 (9) 43.6% 55.4% -0.1% 43.7% 55.3% (4.7) 46.0% 53.0%

TX 2004 7950 7411 539 38.2% 61.1% 6.8% 40.7% 58.6% (7.6) 42.0% 57.3%

TX 2000 7005 6408 597 38.0% 59.3% 8.5% 41.1% 56.4% (0.4) 38.2% 59.1%

TX 1996 6408 5612 796 43.8% 48.8% 12.4% 47.7% 45.8% (0.6) 44.1% 48.5%

TX 1992 6817 6154 663 37.1% 40.6% 9.7% 40.8% 39.0% (2.8) 38.5% 39.2%

TX 1988 6186 5427 759 43.3% 56.0% 12.3% 47.2% 52.2% 0.8 42.9% 56.4%

UT 2008 971 956 15 34.3% 62.3% 1.6% 34.9% 61.8% 1.5 33.5% 63.1%

UT 2004 1022 928 94 26.0% 71.5% 9.2% 30.5% 67.2% (4.3) 28.1% 69.4%

UT 2000 829 771 58 26.3% 66.8% 7.0% 29.8% 63.9% 1.0 25.8% 67.3%

UT 1996 771 666 105 33.3% 54.4% 13.6% 39.0% 50.4% (3.5) 35.0% 52.6%

UT 1992 793 744 49 24.7% 43.4% 6.2% 27.8% 42.2% (2.2) 25.8% 42.3%

UT 1988 731 647 84 32.0% 66.2% 11.5% 37.0% 61.5% na na na

VT 2008 327 325 2 67.5% 30.5% 0.5% 67.5% 30.4% (6.2) 70.5% 27.4%

VT 2004 316 312 4 58.9% 38.8% 1.2% 59.1% 38.6% (15.2) 66.5% 31.2%

VT 2000 290 294 (4) 50.6% 40.7% -1.5% 51.4% 39.8% 0.4 50.4% 40.9%

VT 1996 294 258 36 53.4% 31.1% 12.2% 56.0% 30.3% (5.0) 55.9% 28.6%

VT 1992 304 290 14 46.1% 30.4% 4.7% 47.5% 30.2% (8.6) 50.4% 26.1%

VT 1988 262 243 19 47.6% 51.1% 7.3% 49.6% 49.2% (5.8) 50.5% 48.2%

VA 2008 3753 3723 30 52.6% 46.3% 0.8% 52.8% 46.2% (6.0) 55.6% 43.3%

VA 2004 3134 3198 (64) 45.5% 53.7% -2.1% 46.4% 52.7% (8.7) 49.8% 49.3%

VA 2000 2962 2739 223 44.4% 52.5% 7.5% 46.7% 50.4% (2.0) 45.4% 51.5%

VA 1996 2739 2417 323 45.1% 47.1% 11.8% 48.7% 44.5% (6.5) 48.4% 43.9%

VA 1992 2805 2559 246 40.6% 45.0% 8.8% 43.6% 43.2% (3.5) 42.3% 43.2%

VA 1988 2504 2192 313 39.2% 59.7% 12.5% 43.7% 55.4% 0.6 38.9% 60.0%

WA 2008 3072 3049 23 57.4% 40.3% 0.7% 57.6% 40.2% (4.3) 59.6% 38.2%

WA 2004 2851 2859 (8) 52.8% 45.6% -0.3% 53.0% 45.5% (8.0) 56.8% 41.6%

WA 2000 2527 2489 38 50.1% 44.6% 1.5% 50.5% 44.3% (3.7) 52.0% 42.7%

WA 1996 2489 2254 235 49.8% 37.3% 9.4% 52.2% 36.1% (2.0) 50.8% 36.3%

WA 1992 2453 2288 165 43.4% 32.0% 6.7% 45.5% 31.5% (5.5) 46.2% 29.2%

WA 1988 2064 1865 198 50.0% 48.5% 9.6% 52.4% 46.2% (5.4) 52.7% 45.8%

WV 2008 732 715 17 42.6% 55.7% 2.3% 43.3% 55.0% (3.0) 44.1% 54.2%

WV 2004 798 756 42 43.2% 56.1% 5.3% 44.9% 54.4% 5.9 40.2% 59.0%

WV 2000 732 648 84 45.6% 51.9% 11.5% 49.0% 48.8% 4.5 43.3% 54.2%

WV 1996 648 636 12 51.5% 36.8% 1.8% 51.9% 36.5% (2.6) 52.8% 35.5%

WV 1992 784 684 100 48.4% 35.4% 12.8% 51.8% 34.1% (3.2) 50.0% 33.8%

WV 1988 730 653 77 52.2% 47.5% 10.6% 54.6% 45.1% (0.2) 52.3% 47.4%

WI 2008 2983 2983 0 56.2% 42.3% 0.0% 56.2% 42.3% (5.7) 59.1% 39.5%

WI 2004 3010 2997 13 49.7% 49.3% 0.4% 49.8% 49.2% (4.8) 52.1% 46.9%

WI 2000 2632 2599 33 47.8% 47.6% 1.3% 48.2% 47.3% 2.4 46.6% 48.8%

WI 1996 2599 2196 402 48.8% 38.5% 15.5% 52.9% 36.4% (2.8) 50.2% 37.1%

WI 1992 2720 2531 189 41.1% 36.8% 6.9% 43.5% 36.0% (2.5) 42.4% 35.5%

WI 1988 2474 2192 282 51.4% 47.8% 11.4% 54.1% 45.2% 2.2 50.3% 48.9%

WY 2008 256 255 1 32.5% 64.8% 0.5% 32.8% 64.6% 0.4 32.4% 65.0%

WY 2004 247 243 4 29.1% 68.9% 1.4% 29.7% 68.2% (7.0) 32.6% 65.4%

WY 2000 219 218 1 27.7% 67.8% 0.3% 27.8% 67.6% (1.0) 28.2% 67.3%

WY 1996 218 212 7 36.8% 49.8% 3.1% 38.0% 49.0% (3.9) 38.8% 47.9%

WY 1992 213 200 13 34.1% 39.7% 6.2% 36.6% 38.8% (5.9) 37.0% 36.7%

WY 1988 196 177 19 38.0% 60.5% 9.7% 41.6% 57.1% 1.0 37.5% 61.0%